The second session of the DISEC session has been pure fire. Regarding the topic of limiting the arms from third party states, long discussions have been revolving around the Army Trade Treaty (ATT), which has been signed in 2014 to regulate the trade or arms and whose success has been long debated on its effectiveness. Particularly, different stances have been taken on the effectiveness of the Treaty, which limits the trade of weapons and trades. Moreover, disagreement persists on the definition of non-state actors and role the private companies who sell and trade weapons. This has been regarded by many as a useless discussion, as the delegation of Serbia pointed out by stating that “Internet in that regard remains a powerful weapon to search for this definition”. Due to the wide range of interests at the table, discussions have proceeded at a slow pace and the difficulty in finding a feasible solution has been exacerbated by the negotiations ‘under the table by the negotiations’ that seem to have been made. The main problem lies in the differences between rhetoric and implementation. Indeed, many countries, such as the United States, Brazil, Turkey Western Africa countries, have signed the Army Trade Treaty but are yet to ratify it. Indeed, delegations with very specific interests stated that the trade agreements on the selling as weapons between the different states has to be protected, as it was emphasized by the United States and the United Kingdom. Economic sanctions are advocated in order to curb the illegal selling of weapons and trade. Moreover, critics has been addressed to countries that engage into illegal trade sales and weapons to undemocratic governments and dictatorship, namely North Korea and Saudi Arabia.
It is surprising, however, that the delegation of Russia, a main player involved in the weapons and arms trade, especially in Syria, has not yet voiced her stance on topic at the table. The sessions have mainly been a ping pong match between Turkey and Morocco, who both share interests in blocking trade and sales of weapons by third parties that could undermine their national security. During informal chat, Morocco has declared that countries have been able to find “ a bunch of loopholes” to the ATT. In addition, according to the delegation of Morocco, Article 12 of the ATT regarding the registration of the weapons and arms and trade market need to be revised. Malawi agrees that a uniform system of regulation should be implemented, although the respect of national sovereignty hinders a uniform and supranational system of disarmament. The main problem lies in the unregistered firearms that the states do nor report accordingly. More updates will follow in the next days!